To show ‘full screen’ click on the icon to the left of the arrows. Once in ‘full screen’ mode further commands -
Ella Armitage (1841-
Historical and archaeological research work carried out at the turn of the last century emphasised the importance of castles other than the great stone monuments whose architectural study was already well established. Crucial to this advance of castle studies was the work of Ella Armitage whose published articles in the first decade culminated in the seminal work ‘Early Norman Castles in the British Isles’, (1912).
Dr. Robert Higham, the founder of the Castle Studies Group in 1987, writing in Timber Castles, (1992 & 2004)* stated: “The Early Norman Castles of the British Isles refined the dating of castles generally and in particular showed that mottes were Norman Castles, not as previously argued by some, the burghs of the Anglo-
*2004 Edition (Hb & Pb)) published by the University of Exeter Press.
Ella Armitage’s main published works:
(1877) The Childhood of the English Nation or the Beginnings of English History. London: Longmans, Green, and Co.
(1881) Richard I and Edward I. London: Longmans, Green, and Co.
(1885) The Connection Between England and Scotland. London: Rivingtons.
(1905) A key to English Antiquities: with special reference to the Sheffield and Rotherham district. London: J. M. Dent & Co.
(1912) The Early Norman Castles of the British Isles, J. Murray, London.
Other papers and records:
Various Dates: 30 Notebooks, Y.A.S. MS521, Archive, Yorkshire Archaeological Soc. Leeds.
(1904) The Early Norman Castles of England, in English Historical Review XIX (R.L. Poole, ed.), London, Longmans, Green & Co.
(1905) Alleged Norman Origin of Castles in England, in English Historical Review XX (R.L. Poole, ed.). London, Longmans, Green & Co.
(1906) The Norman Origin of Irish Mottes, (Part 1) in The Antiquary, August.
(1906) The Norman Origin of Irish Mottes, (Part 2) in The Antiquary, September.
(1912) Armitage, E. S. & Montgomerie, D. H., Ancient Earthworks. In Victoria County History of York Vol. 2:1-
Articles about the work of Ella Armitage:
(1986) Counihan, Joan. ‘Mrs Ella Armitage, John Horace Round, G. T. Clark and Early Norman Castles’, in Proceedings of the Battle Conference on Anglo-
(1989) Counihan, Joan. ‘The Growth of Castle Studies in England and on the Continent since 1950’, in Proceedings of the Battle Conference on Anglo-
(1990) Counihan, Joan. ‘Ella Armitage -
(1991) Counihan, Joan., ‘Mottes, Norman or Not’, in Fortress Issue No 11, Nov, 1991, pp. 53-
(1998) Counihan, Joan. ‘Mrs Ella Armitage and Irish Archaeology’, in Proceedings of the Battle Conference on Anglo-
(2004) Counihan., Joan, ‘Armitage, Ella Sophia (1841–1931)’. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press.
(2000) Ogilvie., Marilyn, ‘Armitage, Ella Sophia A (Bulley) (1841–1931)’. The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science. London: Routledge, p. 52.
(2001) Hamlin., A, ‘Ella Armitage, early pioneer of castle studies (1841-
(2012) Errata & Corrigenda to Early Norman Castles of the British Isles -
See also the Wikipedia entry: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ella_Sophia_Armitage